Apple talking about the facial recognition system on the new iPhone X is impervious to being fooled by photos, twins, impersonators, and masks. But a team of hackers claims to have beaten the Face ID technology after just a week of iPhone X’s launch.
Apple claims that the technology is secure enough to not be fooled even by masks. Nothing is perfect though, and Vietnamese research team Bvak proves to have found a way to modify and trick Face ID using a specialized mask that makes use of 2D images and a hand-sculptured nose.
Otherwise, cybersecurity firm Bvak says a 3D-printed mask costing just $150 (£115) to make has fooled the Face ID software, which is later used to unlock iPhone X, authorize payments and login to apps. As per the researchers, it has proved that Face ID is “not an effective security measure.” Although making the mask did require a detailed facial scan and it would be difficult for normal users to replicate.
However, the researchers’ demonstration has not been independently verified, and the video does not go through the entire set-up process, so there are likely to be doubts about the supposed flaw. Bvak’s method is said to use 3D printing techniques, once covered with a custom skin surface, can apparently fool Face ID. Oddly, the firm has not shared the findings with Apple directly.
Importantly, Apple’s breakdown of how Face ID works does not either claim it to be 100% secure, merely that it is difficult for someone to unlock the iPhone without being the person authenticated by Face identification. Apple though does claim Face ID to be at least two times more secure than Touch ID.
Face ID matches against depth information, which isn’t found in print or 2D digital photographs. It’s designed to protect against spoofing by masks or other techniques through the use of sophisticated anti-spoofing neural networks. Face ID is even attention-aware. It recognizes if your eyes are open and looking towards the device. This makes it more difficult for someone to unlock your iPhone without your knowledge (such as when you are sleeping).
This is How Bvak tricked iPhone X’s Face ID with a Mask
Even though Bvak has released a video showing their mask fooling Face ID, but the video itself could easily be manipulated and faked by a number of methods, not at least by simply setting Face ID up with the mask in place. If this is legitimate though, the brainer of entry is certainly high and complicated enough.
Face ID differs from the image recognition techniques using in many other electronics which can easily be fooled merely by photos of the target. And the iPhone X uses a technique called dot projection, which directs beams of infrared light at the user’s face to create a 3D image, and uses artificial intelligence to “learn” the person’s face.
Bvak claims the techniques used to beat the security could be used to target politicians, billionaires, and chief executives. As well as unlocking a phone, Face ID is used to log into banking apps and authorize Apple Pay.
As far as more important security matters go through, this is another reminder that there is no such a thing as a 100% secure system, even when it comes from Apple – assuming the video is not fake, obviously.
Note: Apple has said that Face ID is not anything suitable for children under 13 or for twins, suggesting they use a passcode instead. Although, video claims to trick Face ID with a Mask, but you don’t have o Worry About it.
(Source: Bkav Corp [YouTube])
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